Lipid panel cholesterol test
A comprehensive cholesterol test is called a lipid panel cholesterol test or lipid profile, the test results are used to measure the amounts of good and bad cholesterol as well as levels of triglycerides or fat in the blood. Cholesterol is needed by your body to build the structure of cell membranes, help with metabolism, cholesterol is essential in producing Vitamin D, it makes hormones like testosterone, estrogen and adrenal hormones, cholesterol is useful for producing bile acids that help your body to digest fat and in the absorption of important nutrients.
There is HDL cholesterol which is “good” and LDL cholesterol which is “bad” and triglycerides a type of fat or lipid found in your bloodstream, high triglycerides are caused by eating too much food that your body can’t burn up, high cholesterol is caused by an unhealthy diet consisting of trans fats, full dairy products, and red meat.
What does high cholesterol mean?
High cholesterol levels are a marker for atherosclerosis where your arteries become clogged, heart disease and stroke, men should get their cholesterol levels checked regularly after age 35, women should get a cholesterol test around the age of 45 or before that, in fact and because heart disease kills so many it is recommended that everybody should have lipid panel cholesterol done every 5 years beginning in your mid twenties.
Why have a lipid panel cholesterol test done?
A lipid panel cholesterol test will measure your cholesterol levels because high cholesterol levels can cause arteries to become clogged meaning you put yourself at a higher risk of poor circulation, a heart attack, stroke or premature death, a lipid panel cholesterol test will typically measure:
- Your total cholesterol
- Your HDL (good) high- density lipoprotein usually 20-30% of your total cholesterol
- Your LDL (bad) low-density lipoprotein usually 60-70% of your total cholesterol
- Your VLDL very-low-density lipoprotein usually 10-15% of your total cholesterol
- Your triglycerides a fat component should be under 150 mg/dL
What is measured in a lipid panel cholesterol test?
Cholesterol is carried in the bloodstream in lipoprotein particles, a lipid panel cholesterol test will detect the presence of LDL particles that may not be picked up kn a normal cholesterol test, this is especially important when someone doesn’t have high LDL cholesterol but may have elevated LDL particles, elevated LDL particles make it simpler for the particles to get inside the arterial walls and cause more plaque to build-up.
In addition to measuring the number of LDL particles the lipid profile test measures the particle size, the numbers can be a huge help to a doctor in diagnosing cholesterol abnormalities, an example is elevated numbers of dense LDL particles may be caused by insulin resistance, a condition that may cause diabetes.
When you order the lipid panel cholesterol test at True Health Labs the results are available by logging into your account within 3-4 days, print them off and bring them to your healthcare provider where this information will help them to provide you with the right mix if diet, exercise program and medication to prevent the onset or progression of heart disease.
The apoB part of the test measures how concentrated lipoprotein particles containing apolipoprotein B in their surface, all of these particles with the potential to cause heart disease are labeled with one molecule of apoB, this molecule is like LDL-P and is a better marker of risk compared to LDL lipoprotein testing in certain people.
Lipid cholesterol panel tests are carried out by True Health Labs, you don’t need a doctors prescription, you will need to fast for 10-12 hours beforehand and only drink water, to find out a local test centre where you can have your blood sample taken please go to True Health Labs website here.
How is the lipid panel test completed?
After you have ordered your lipid panel test print off the requisition paperwork and bring it to your nearest draw centre, the blood sample will usually be taken by a phlebotomist, it only takes a few minutes and doesn’t hurt that much, the test is carried out at a diagnostic lab, the risks involved with a lipid panel cholesterol test are small, some people may faint the risk of infection is remote.
What results should you look for?
All cholesterol tests are measured in mgs of cholesterol per dL of blood, the ideal measurements that are considered in the low risk category are:
- LDL 70-130 mg/dL or lower
- HDL higher than 40-60 mg/dL
- Total cholesterol of less than 200 mg/dL or lower
- Triglycerides 10-150 mg/dL or lower
Should your cholesterol numbers be outside the normal range, you could be in the higher risk category of a heart attack, stroke or atherosclerosis, should you have abnormal results you may have to have a blood sugar test done, you doctor will decide whether you need that test or you may need a thyroid function test to determine if the thyroid gland is underactive, or your doctor may order a cardiovascular disease test.
What steps can be taken?
A number of steps can be taken to reduce your cardiovascular risks including lifestyle, diet and medication, the goal is to get your bad cholesterol and triglyceride levels down to more normal levels by:
- Avoiding high fat foods
- Eating lots of fruit and vegetables
- Eatcmore kidney beans, lentils and chickpeas
- Stop smoking
- Reduce alcohol intake
- Regular exercise at least 150 minutes of moderately intense activity each week
- Cholesterol lowering medications
What are the future prospects?
On the whole high cholesterol is easy to manage, your doctor will devise a treatment plan that will fit on with your daily life and it could include dietary changes, an exercise schedule, less stress in your life as well as medication to lower cholesterol, you may have to stay on the medications for a long time to get the best results.
I hope that you have all the information that you need on a lipid panel cholesterol test and why it is done, what is tested and why and why you should get a lipid panel cholesterol test done as a matter of urgency, just go over to True Health Labs and they will look after you.